Installing hadoop 2.4.0 on Ubuntu server


*Ubuntu server 14.04
*VM in VirtualBox with 1GB RAM
*SWAP SPACE :   SELECT  more than 2 GB

Up-to-date system.

Moreover, it is advisable not to run Hadoop services through a general-purpose user, so the next step consists in adding a group hadoop and a user hadoop-user belonging to that group

Installing Java
The mentioned tutorials suggest a potentially unsafe procedure in order to install the jdk through apt-get,

Finally, a couple of environment variables should be set up so that the java executables are in $PATH and hadoop knows where java has been installed: this is easily accomplished adding

at the end of /etc/profile  <<< We need to edit that to set automatically JAVA PATH 

Setup SSH

All communications with Hadoop are encrypted via SSH, thus the corresponding server should be installed:


and the hadoop-user must be associated to a key pair and subsequently granting its access to the local machine:


Now hadoop-user should be able to access via ssh to localhost without ( WE SET THE PASS = “null”)providing a password:


Disable IPV6

Hadoop and IPV6 do not agree on the meaning of address,

LOOK AT : ??>>>>> /etc/sysctl.conf




Download and install Hadoop

Download hadoop-2.4.0.tar.gz, unpack it and move the results in /usr/local, adding a symlink using the more friendly name hadoop and changing ownership of the directory contents to the hadoop-user user:

Setup the dedicated user environment
Switch to the hadoop-user user and add the following lines at the end of ~/.bashrc:

To have the new environment variables in place,

1- reload .bashrc   through “source .bashrc"

2- then open /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop/ ,

3- uncomment the line setting JAVA_HOME and set its value to the jdk directory:

Configure Hadoop

Before being able to actually use the hadoop file system it is necessary to modify some configuration files inside /usr/local/hadoop/etc/hadoop
All such files follow the an XML format, and the updates should concern the top-level node configuration
(likely empty after the hadoop installation). Specifically:

  • in yarn-site.xml :
  • look in core-site.xml:
  • look in mapred-site.xml
  • nano hdfs-site.xml:

Run these commands.

Formatting the distributed file system

USER should be  hadoop user 

Find the  these 2 file  and  run